Uganda submitted its updated NDC in 2022. The updated NDC presents an economy-wide mitigation target of reducing emissions by 24.7% by 2030 as compared to the business-as-usual scenario. The mitigation component of the updated NDC covers measures in the agriculture, forestry, and other land use, energy, transport, waste, and industrial processes and product use sectors, and the adaptation component covers agriculture, forestry, water, infrastructure, energy, risk management, health, wetlands, biodiversity, water and sanitation, fisheries, transport, manufacturing, industry, and mining, cities and built environment, disaster risk reduction, tourism, and education sectors. By 2030, Uganda strives to develop five green cities and raise climate change awareness for 11 million people. The estimated cost to implement both unconditional and conditional adaptation and mitigation actions and targets of the updated NDC and its cross-cutting issues is USD 28.1 billion up to 2030. The NDC update process was conducted simultaneously with the formulation of the Long-term Low Emissions Development Strategy (LTS) to ensure the alignment of long-term climate change strategies with short and medium-term climate actions.”